The First 2 Layers

Solving the Top 2 Layers


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In the following diagrams, colors are used to designate the faces of the cube. Yellow is the bottom face, Green is the front face, Red is the right face, and White is the top face. The goal of this stage is to correctly place and orient a top corner with it's middle edge piece at the same time. The diagrams show the front, right, and bottom faces along with the 2 pieces that are to be placed. All other pieces are not relevant and so do not appear. The center pieces are marked as a frame of reference.

The following situations can occur:

   1) The 2 pieces are already in place
   2) The top corner is in place but the middle edge is not
   3) The middle edge is in place but the top corner is not
   4) The top corner and middle edge are on the bottom face

The 4th case can be broken down into 2 distinct cases:

     4a) The pieces are next to each other
     4b) The pieces are separated.
It is possible that a reflection will need to be performed to match one of the diagrams. Reflections will be over the line that cuts the cube diagonally in half between the right and front faces. Therefore, the following substitutions must be made:
       R -> F'   R' -> F   R2 -> F2
       F -> R'   F' -> R   F2 -> R2
       L -> B'   L' -> B   L2 -> B2
       B -> L'   B' -> L   B2 -> L2
       D -> D'   D' -> D   D2 -> D2
       U -> U'   U' -> U   U2 -> U2
Note that when both pieces are in place, a reflection or an inversion will both work. Please note that the sequences that start with a twist of the bottom face are enclosed in brackets. This is to signify that the enclosed twist is only when the corner is directly below the place it belongs. If it is not in this position, then it is not necessary to move the corner there and then perform the sequence. Just move the bottom face appropriately so that it will end up in the correct position. In other words, if the corner piece is in the FLD position and the sequence would move the coner from FRD to FLD, it is wasteful to move the piece to FRD and then move it back to FLD

Before we start, let me emphasize that performing the algorithms with the first layer on the top (cross on the top) is probably the worst option! The images below seem to suggest that you should be performing them this way, but this is not true. When I made this page back in 1997, I thought that showing the cube in this view would give me the best position for the algorithm description and NOTHING else. I perform the F2L algorithms with the white cross in my left palm and heavily use finger shortcuts for the moves. Other cubists proposed to put the cross on the bottom, which is also a good idea. The point is - use whatever seems right for you, but stay away from the cross on the top. This is not a good option.

Pieces are in place but not oriented

Pattern Algorithm(s)
 1) R2 D2 R D R' D R D2 R 
 2) R2 D2 F' R2 F D2 R D' R 
 3) R' D R' D' B' D B R2      

Insert the corner and preserve the edge

Pattern Algorithm(s)
 4) [D] R' D R D2 R' D R 
 5a) [D2] R' D  B' D' B  D' R 
 5b)  R2  D' R2 D' R2 D2 R2 

Insert the corner and flip the edge

Pattern Algorithm(s)
 6) [D] R' D' R D' F D F' 
 7) R' D R F D2 F'            

Insert the edge and preserve the corner

Pattern Algorithm(s)
 8) [D] F D' F' D' R' D R     

Insert the edge and twist the corner

Pattern Algorithm(s)
 9) F D' F2 R F R' 
 10) R' D' R D R' D' R        

Connected in bottom layer

Pattern Algorithm(s) Pattern Algorithm(s)
 11) F' R F R' 
 14a) F  L B D' B' L' F' 
 14b) R' D R D2 F  D  F' 
 12) [D'] F D2 F' D R' D' R  
 15) [D2] R2 D2 R D R' D R2 
 13) (D) R' D R D' R' D' R  
 16) F D2 F' D' F D F' 

Separated in bottom layer

Pattern Algorithm(s) Pattern Algorithm(s)
 17) [D'] F D2 F' D2 F D' F'
 20) [D'] F D' F' D R' D' R 
 18) R' D' R
 21) [D2] R' D' R2 F' R' F 
 19) [D'] F D F' D2 F D' F'
 22) [D] F D2 F2 R F R'  

Some final notes

It may be necessary to move a piece to the bottom layer. This can happen for the following reasons:
 1) The corner to be placed is in one of the other 3 top corner positions
 2) The edge to be placed is in one of the other 3 middle edge positions
Twist the entire cube so that the piece is in the FR position and perform following 3 twist sequence:
   R' D R
Obviously, reflections can be used so that the cube need not be rotated. Also, be careful NOT to put the matcing piece into the wrong place in the top two rows or this will have to be performed again! For example, you have the Red-Green edge on the bottom layer but the White-Red-Green corner is in one of the other 3 top layer positions. When moving this corner to the bottom layer, don't move the edge from the bottom layer.

To save time, if a piece you need is not currently available, move on to another corner/edge position.

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